Harassment & Discrimination Based on Gender
Sexual harassment is defined
by law and includes requests for sexual favors, sexual advances
or other sexual conduct when (a) submission is either explicitly
or implicitly a condition affecting academic or employment decisions;
or (b) the behavior is sufficiently severe or pervasive as to create
an intimidating, hostile or repugnant environment; or (c) the behavior
persists despite objection by the person to whom the conduct is
directed. The University considers such behavior, whether physical
or verbal, to be a breach of its standards of conduct. It will seek
to prevent such incidents and will investigate and take corrective
actions for violations of this policy.
there are two types of sexual harassment, hostile environment and
"quid pro quo."
Environment (Sexual Harassment)
A hostile environment
includes unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors,
and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature. A hostile
environment with respect to sexual harassment occurs when such conduct
has the purpose or effect of unreasonably interfering with an individualís
work or academic performance or creating an intimidating, hostile,
or offensive working or learning environment. In addition, a hostile
environment occurs when unwelcome sexually harassing conduct is
so severe, persistent, or pervasive that it affects a personís ability
to participate in or benefit from employment or an education program
or activity, or creates an intimidating, threatening or abusive
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other
verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitutes "quid
pro quo" sexual harassment when: 1) submission to such conduct
is made either explicitly or implicitly a term or condition of an
individualís status as a student or employee, or 2) submission to
or rejection of such conduct by an individual is used as the basis
for educational or employment decisions affecting such individual.
Quid pro quo harassment may also occur when a student or employee
is led to believe that he or she must submit to unwelcome sexual
conduct in order to participate in a University program or activity.
In addition, this type of sexual harassment occurs whenever a faculty
member, graduate assistant, or anyone in a position to affect a
studentís academic life, causes a student to believe that the person
will make an educational decision based on whether or not the student
submits to unwelcome sexual conduct. The following descriptions,
while not all-inclusive, will help you understand behaviors that,
if persist and are unwelcome, may constitute sexual harassment.
Unwanted sexual statements
sexual or 'dirty' jokes, spreading rumors about or rating others
as to sexual activity or performance, or talking about one's sexual
activity in front of others, displaying or distributing sexually
explicit drawings, pictures and/or written material.
letters, telephone calls, visits, and pressure for sexual favors,
pressure for meetings, pressure for dates where a sexual/romantic
intent appears evident but remains unwanted.
Unwanted physical or sexual advances
touching, hugging, kissing, fondling, touching oneself sexually
for others to view, intercourse, or other sexual activity.
In addition to sexual harassment, discrimination is also prohibited
on the basis of gender. For example, a student or employee may be
subjected to discrimination because of their gender, but that discrimination
may not be of a sexual nature. Such discrimination is a violation
of federal, state and University policy and is prohibited.